Currently there are many conservation efforts to stabilize and increase global elephant populations, attempts to save elephant habitats, and endeavors to teach as well as learn to share environments.
Population Growth and Habitat Protection
Protection regulations such as those found in Botswana are in place to guard the existing African elephant population as well as encouraging the procreation of the species. The Botswanian government has designated large areas of land for refuges, protected national parks, game reserves, and wildlife management areas, giving these herds places to forage, live, breed, and raise families; as a result, the people of Botswana are nurturing one of their most valuable natural and economic resources to full fruition.
Population Retention and Poaching Prevention
Harsh penalties in many Asian countries have made a reduction in population decreases due to poaching Asian elephants, but poaching is still a very real population threat to these animals. Because only male Asian elephants have tusks, poaching causes an incredible imbalance between the numbers of each sex; this leads to decreased reproduction rates as well as damage to the genetic makeup of these animals as there are fewer diverse mates. Research is now showing that there is a growing prevalence of tusk-less males being born, as the tusk gene is slowly disappearing through evolutionary changes. It is possible that if the tusks disappear completely out of wild Asian elephants due to this genetic evolution, these populations will increase because ivory poaching will be obsolete. Until then, researchers state that the most effective tool against devastating numbers of poaching deaths is educating the international public about the horrors of poaching for ivory.
Because the human
population in elephant-inhabited environments must learn to coexist with
these animals, governments, researchers, and communities are discovering
the best ways to share their surroundings.
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